…Psalm 72:1-19: Solomon Celebrates His Blessings

To the Coming Reign of the Righteous King–Christ the Messiah

Psalm 72 is one of only two psalms written by Solomon. In it, he prays that he and his royal descendants would rule over Israel with righteousness and compassion. These traits please God, and all the people of Israel are inclined to imitate such a king. If Israel practiced such righteousness, God promised to bless her with prosperity and global fame. This would make kings and citizens of other countries aware of Israel’s God and Israel’s ways.  It is through the kings that the Lord God’s blessings are mediated to the people.

A Psalm of Solomon.
     1     Give the king Your judgments, O God, and Your righteousness to the king’s son.
     2     May he judge Your people with righteousness and your afflicted with justice.
     3     Let the mountains bring peace to the people, and the hills, in righteousness.
     4     May he vindicate the afflicted of the people,  save the children of the needy
            and crush the oppressor.
     5     Let them fear You while the sun endures, and as long as the moon, throughout
           all generations.
     6     May he come down like rain upon the mown grass, like showers that water the earth.
     7     In his days may the righteous flourish, and abundance of peace till the moon is no more.
     8     May he also rule from sea to sea and from the River to the ends of the earth.
     9     Let the nomads of the desert bow before him, and his enemies lick the dust.
     10    Let the kings of Tarshish and of the islands bring presents; the kings of Sheba–
     11    And let all kings bow down before him, all nations serve him.
     12     For he will deliver the needy when he cries for help, the afflicted also, and him
             who has no helper.
     13     He will have compassion on the poor and needy, and the lives of the needy he will save.
     14     He will rescue their life from oppression and violence, and their blood will be
             precious in his sight;
     15     So may he live, and may the gold of Sheba be given to him; and let them pray for
             him continually–let  them bless him all day long.
     16     May there be abundance of grain in the earth on top of the mountains–
              Its fruit will wave like the cedars of Lebanon, and may those from the city flourish
             like vegetation of the earth.
     17     May his name endure forever–may his name increase as long as the sun shines.
             And let men bless themselves by him, let all nations call him blessed.
     18     Blessed be the Lord God, the God of Israel, who alone works wonders.
     19     And blessed be His glorious name forever.  And may the whole earth be filled with His glory.
              Amen, and Amen.

…Psalm 72: Solomon: Wiser Than All Men

He spoke three thousand proverbs, and his songs were one thousand and five.
He spoke of trees, from the cedar tree of Lebanon even to the hyssop that springs out of the wall. 
He spoke also of animals, of birds, of creeping things, and of fish. And men of all nations, from all the kings of the earth who had heard of his wisdom–
Came to hear the wisdom of Solomon.
1 Kings 4:31-34

God’s faithfulness to the Davidic Covenant demanded that Solomon would have to walk in accordance with all of God’s will.

PSALM 72   A Psalm Of Solomon, A Prophesy for the Coming Messiah

1     Give the king Your judgments, O God, and Your righteousness to the king’s Son.
2     He will judge Your people with righteousness, and Your poor with justice.
3     The mountains will bring peace to the people, and the little hills, by righteousness.
4    He will bring justice to the poor of the people–  
     He will save the children of the needy, and will break in pieces the oppressor.
5    They shall fear You as long as the sun and moon endure, throughout all generations.
6     He shall come down like rain upon the grass before mowing,
     Like showers that water the earth.
7    In His days the righteous shall flourish, and abundance of peace,
      Until the moon is no more.
8   He shall have dominion also from sea to sea, and from the River to the ends of the earth.
9     Those who dwell in the wilderness will bow before Him, and His enemies will lick the dust.
10   The kings of Tarshish and of the isles will bring presents–
     The kings of Sheba and Seba will offer gifts.
11     Yes, all kings shall fall down before Him; all nations shall serve Him.
12     For He will deliver the needy when he cries, the poor also, and him who has no helper.
13     He will spare the poor and needy, and will save the souls of the needy.
14     He will redeem their life from oppression and violence;
     And precious shall be their blood in His sight–
15   And He shall live.   And the gold of Sheba will be given to Him;
     Prayer also will be made for Him continually, and daily He shall be praised.
16     There will be an abundance of grain in the earth, on the top of the mountains–
     Its fruit shall wave like Lebanon, and those of the city shall flourish like grass of the earth.
17    His name shall endure forever!    His name shall continue as long as the sun.
     And men shall be blessed in Him. All nations shall call Him blessed.
18   Blessed be the Lord God, the God of Israel, Whom only does wondrous things!
19   And blessed be His glorious name forever!  And let the whole earth be filled with His glory.
     Amen and Amen.
Solomon’s Prayer
     6   Then Solomon said, “You have shown great lovingkindness to Your servant David my father, according as he walked before You in truth and righteousness and uprightness of heart toward You.  You have reserved for him this great lovingkindness, that You have given him a son to sit on his throne, as it is this day.
     7   “Now, O Lord my God, You have made Your servant king in place of my father David, I am yet but a child; I do not know how to go out or come in.
     8   “Your servant is in the midst of Your people which You have chosen, a great people who are too many to be numbered or counted.
     9     “So give Your servant an understanding heart to judge Your people , to discern between good and evil. For who is able to judge this great people of Yours?”     [1 Kings 6-9]
GOD’s Answer
      10    It was pleasing in the sight of the Lord that Solomon had asked this thing.
      11    God said to him, “Because you have asked this and have not asked for      yourself long life, nor have asked riches for yourself, nor have you asked for the life of  your enemies, but have asked for yourself discernment to understand justice –
    12   behold, I have done according to your words. Behold, I have given you a wise and discerning heart, so that there has been no one like you before you, nor shall one like you arise after you.
     13     “I have also given you what you have not asked, both riches and honor, so that there  will not be any among the kings like you all your days.
     14   “If you walk in My ways, keeping My statutes and commandments, as your father   David walked, then I will prolong your days.”
     15  Then Solomon awoke, and behold, it was a dream. And he came to Jerusalem and stood before the ark of the covenant of the Lord, and offered burnt offerings and made peace offerings, and made a feast for all his servants.      [1 Kings 19-15]
If Solomon would adhere to the high standard of God’s will and His Word… 
Everything will all depend on Solomon’s walk before God …
God’s faithfulness to the Davidic Covenant demanded that Solomon would have to walk in accordance with all of God’s principles and His will for the people of Israel.
Wisdom is a gift from God.  What we do with it and the choices we make is just as important.

…Psalm 127: David’s Last Instructions to “Clear the Land”

    “Heaven is My throne, and earth is My footstool.  
     Where is the house that you will build Me?  And where is the place of My rest? 
   For all those things My hand has made … and all those things exist,” says the Lord.
– Isaiah 66:1
David’s instruction to Solomon may seem a bit harsh.  Still a child, he is told by his father, David, to begin by clearing away certain men that had been a problem for David.  It is important also to understand evil men shall have no place in God’s kingdom, Israel must continue to remain undefiled to prepare the way for the coming Messiah.
1 Kings 2:13-46     David called Solomon and gave him some advice to help him begin his new administration.   The thing about David’s advice was that he counseled Solomon telling him to correct those things which he himself had failed to do.  He urges Solomon to devote himself to keeping God’s law:

“I am about to die. Be strong and become a great man!   Do the job the Lord your God has assigned you by following his instructions and obeying his rules, commandments, regulations, and laws as written in the law of Moses. Then you will succeed in all you do and seek to accomplish,  and the Lord will fulfill his promise to me, ‘If your descendants watch their step and live faithfully in my presence with all their heart and being, then,’ he promised, ‘you will not fail to have a successor on the throne of Israel’” (1 Kings 2:2-4).

Second, David urges Solomon to deal with Joab:

 “You know what Joab son of Zeruiah did to me—how he murdered two commanders of the Israelite armies, Abner son of Ner and Amasa son of Jether. During peacetime he struck them down like he would in battle; when he shed their blood as if in battle, he stained his own belt and the sandals on his feet.  Do to him what you think is appropriate, but don’t let him live long and die a peaceful death” (1 Kings 2:5-6).

Third, David encourages Solomon to reward Barzillai, a man who remained faithful to him in his time of trouble:

“Treat fairly the sons of Barzillai of Gilead and provide for their needs, because they helped me when I had to flee from your brother Absalom” (1 Kings 2:7).

Finally, David urged Solomon to deal with  Shimei, a man who had been a thorn in David’s flesh:

Note well, you still have to contend with Shimei son of Gera, the Benjaminite from Bahurim, who tried to call down upon me a horrible judgment when I went to Mahanaim. He came down and met me at the Jordan, and I solemnly promised him by the Lord, ‘I will not strike you down with the sword.’ 9 But now don’t treat him as if he were innocent. You are a wise man and you know how to handle him; make sure he has a bloody death” (1 Kings 2:8-9).

1 Kings 2, tells that Solomon carried out David’s counsel and thereby consolidated his kingdom.  These men will not trouble the kingdom further.  Solomon dealt with Abiathar, the priest who had betrayed him by supporting Adonijah. David would not execute a priest, but he did banish him to his home. Solomon appointed Zadok as priest in his place (1 Kings 2:35)

When word reached Joab that Solomon was dealing with his enemies, he fled to the altar and grasped its horns.  This time, Joab was not to escape the punishment he deserved. Solomon dispatched Benaiah, who put Joab to death before the altar for Joab’s acts of murder against innocent men. (1 Kings 2:31-33).

Last, Solomon carried out David’s counsel regarding Shimei, the Benjamite who had wrongly spoken against David. Shimei brought about his own death. He promised Shimei that if he left Jerusalem, his life would be taken. Two years later, when Solomon learned that Shimei had left Jerusalem, he summoned him and rebuked him for violating the terms the king had set down. Solomon’s kingdom was firmly established, because those who would oppose him had been removed.

The Close of David’s Reign   

So David rested with his fathers, and was buried in the City of David.  Then Solomon sat on the throne of his father David; and his kingdom was  firmly established.

Thus David the son of Jesse reigned over all Israel.  And the period that he reigned over Israel was forty years–seven years he reigned in Hebron, and thirty-three years he reigned in Jerusalem.  So he died in a good old age, full of days and riches and honor, and Solomon his son reigned in his place.  – 1 Chronicles 29:26-28

Psalm 127    Laboring and Prospering with the Lord
A Song of Ascents of Solomon
1     Unless the Lord builds the house, they labor in vain who build it;
     Unless the Lord guards the city, the watchman stays awake in vain.
2     It is vain for you to rise up early, to sit up late, to eat the bread of sorrows–
     For so He gives His beloved sleep.
3     Behold, children are a heritage from the Lord, the fruit of the womb is a reward.
4     Like arrows in the hand of a warrior, so are the children of one’s youth.
5     Happy is the man who has his quiver full of them–
    They shall not be ashamed, but shall speak with their enemies in the gate.


…Psalm 33: Man’s Wickedness — God’s Perfection (part 2)

A place for Sacrifice and Atonement

2 Samuel 24:18-25

18 So Gad came to David that day and said to him, “Go up, erect an altar to the LORD on the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite.” 19 David went up according to the word of Gad, just as the LORD had commanded. 20 Araunah looked down and saw the king and his servants crossing over toward him; and Araunah went out and bowed his face to the ground before the king. 21 Then Araunah said, “Why has my lord the king come to his servant?” And David said, “To buy the threshing floor from you, in order to build an altar to the LORD, that the plague may be held back from the people.” 22 Araunah said to David, “Let my lord the king take and offer up what is good in his sight. Look, the oxen for the burnt offering, the threshing sledges and the yokes of the oxen for the wood. 23 “Everything, O king, Araunah gives to the king.” And Araunah said to the king, “May the LORD your God accept you.” 24 However, the king said to Araunah, “No, but I will surely buy it from you for a price, for I will not offer burnt offerings to the LORD my God which cost me nothing.” So David bought the threshing floor and the oxen for fifty shekels of silver. 25 David built there an altar to the LORD and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. Thus the LORD was moved by prayer for the land, and the plague was held back from Israel.

wheat-threshing-600x427God came to David with another solution – sacrifice. David was to erect an altar to the LORD there on the threshing floor of Araunah.   David began to make his way up to the place where the angel of the LORD had been halted. (verse 16)   Araunah and his four sons were there at the threshing floor threshing wheat.  David was making his way to where they were.  (1 Chronicles 21:20-21). It must have been a terrifying moment for them.

Araunah having land near to David and the city of Jerusalem, offered to give David the land–but David refused…   If David accepted this offer, his sacrifice would cost him nothing. He could not offer a “sacrifice” without first making a sacrifice.  David purchased the land.  He offered his sacrifices to the Lord, and when this sacrifice had been made, the Lord heard and stopped the plague.  This place would become  the property on which Solomon’s temple would be built.

PSALM 33  The Sovereignty of the Lord In Creation and History

1     Rejoice in the Lord, O you righteous! For praise from the upright is beautiful.
2     Praise the Lord with the harp, make melody to Him with an instrument of ten strings.
3     Sing to Him a new song!  Play skillfully with a shout of joy.
4     For the word of the Lord is right, and all His work is done in truth.
5     He loves righteousness and justice; the earth is full of the goodness of the Lord.
6     By the word of the Lord the heavens were made, and all the host of them
      by the breath of His mouth.
7    He gathers the waters of the sea together as a heap, He lays up the deep in storehouses.
8     Let all the earth fear the Lord; let all the inhabitants of the world stand in awe of Him.
9     For He spoke, and it was done;  He commanded, and it stood fast.
10   The Lord brings the counsel of the nations to nothing, 
      He makes the plans of the peoples of no effect.
11     The counsel of the Lord stands forever, the plans of His heart to all generations.
12     Blessed is the nation whose God is the Lord, the people He has chosen as His own inheritance.
13    The Lord looks from heaven, He sees all the sons of men.
14     From the place of His dwelling He looks on all the inhabitants of the earth;
15     He fashions their hearts individually, He considers all their works.
16    No king is saved by the multitude of an army, a mighty man is not delivered by great strength.
17     A horse is a vain hope for safety, neither shall it deliver any by its great strength.
18     Behold, the eye of the Lord is on those who fear Him, on those who hope in His mercy,
19     To deliver their soul from death, and to keep them alive in famine.
20     Our soul waits for the Lord;  He is our help and our shield.
21     For our heart shall rejoice in Him, because we have trusted in His holy name.
22     Let Your mercy, O Lord, be upon us, just as we hope in You.

…Psalm 36: Man’s Wickedness — God’s Perfection (part 1)

First, we are reminded of the faithfulness of God as the Savior of His people.

Second, we see that while God is a faithful Savior, He will use men of courage and faith.

Third, we see that while man is sinful, our sin never hinders God from accomplishing His saving work.

Fourth, we see from this epilogue that no human king will ever be able to fulfill God’s promise of salvation.


The Census

Exodus 30:12:  “When you take the census of the children of Israel for their number, then every man shall give a ransom for himself to the Lord, when you number them, that there may be no plague among them when you number them.”

The principle of Exodus 30:12 speaks of God’s ownership of His people.  No man had a right to count or number what belonged to God.  The people of Israel belonged to God. If David counted he should only do it at God’s command and receiving ransom money to “atone” for the counting.  [Bible.org]

2 Samuel 24:1-17

Census  [verses 1-7]

 1 Again the anger of the Lord was aroused against Israel, and He moved David against them to say, “Go, number Israel and Judah.”    2 So the king said to Joab the commander of the army who was with him, “Now go throughout all the tribes of Israel, from Dan to Beersheba, and count the people, that I may know the number of the people.”  3 And Joab said to the king, “Now may the Lord your God add to the people a hundred times more than there are, and may the eyes of my lord the king see it. But why does my lord the king desire this thing?” 4 Nevertheless the king’s word prevailed against Joab and against the captains of the army. Therefore Joab and the captains of the army went out from the presence of the king to count the people of Israel.

Judgement on David’s Sin  [verse 10-17]

 10 And David’s heart condemned him after he had numbered the people. So David said to the Lord, “I have sinned greatly in what I have done; but now, I pray, O Lord, take away the iniquity of Your servant, for I have done very foolishly.”  11 Now when David arose in the morning, the word of the Lord came to the prophet Gad, David’s seer, saying, 12 “Go and tell David, ‘Thus says the Lord: “I offer you three things; choose one of them for yourself, that I may do it to you.” ’ ” 13 So Gad came to David and told him; and he said to him, “Shall seven years of famine come to you in your land? Or shall you flee three months before your enemies, while they pursue you? Or shall there be three days’ plague in your land? Now consider and see what answer I should take back to Him who sent me.”  14 And David said to Gad, “I am in great distress. Please let us fall into the hand of the Lord, for His mercies are great; but do not let me fall into the hand of man.”

15 So he Lord sent a plague upon Israel from the morning till the appointed time. From Dan to Beersheba seventy thousand men of the people died. 16 And when the angel stretched out His hand over Jerusalem to destroy it, the Lord relented from the destruction, and said to the angel who was destroying the people, “It is enough; now restrain your hand.” And the angel of the Lord was by the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite.  17 Then David spoke to the Lord when he saw the angel who was striking the people, and said, “Surely I have sinned, and I have done wickedly; but these sheep, what have they done? Let Your hand, I pray, be against me and against my father’s house.”

 Altar on the Threshing Floor   [verses 18-25]

 18 And Gad came that day to David and said to him, “Go up, erect an altar to the Lord on the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite.” 19 So David, according to the word of Gad, went up as the Lord commanded. 20 Now Araunah looked, and saw the king and his servants coming toward him. So Araunah went out and bowed before the king with his face to the ground. 21 Then Araunah said, “Why has my lord the king come to his servant?” And David said, “To buy the threshing floor from you, to build an altar to the Lord, that the plague may be withdrawn from the people.”

         22 Now Araunah said to David, “Let my lord the king take and offer up whatever seems good to him. Look, here are oxen for burnt sacrifice, and threshing implements and the yokes of the oxen for wood. 23 All these, O king, Araunah has given to the king.” And Araunah said to the king, “May the Lord your God accept you.”  24 Then the king said to Araunah, “No, but I will surely buy it from you for a price; nor will I offer burnt offerings to the Lord my God with that which costs me nothing.” So David bought the threshing floor and the oxen for fifty shekels of silver. 25 And David built there an altar to the Lord, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. So the Lord heeded the prayers for the land, and the plague was withdrawn from Israel.

Here we have an example of Calamity and Compassion.  God has poured out His wrath on His people, but now He took compassion on them. He order the angel, who was standing by the threshing floor, to cease from killing any more people. David could not have known God’s purposes yet, and so he petitioned God in an attempt to halt the plague. He asked that God’s anger be satisfied by pouring out His wrath on him [on his father’s house].  But God had a better plan.

  • Moses and Aaron, and throughout the period of the judges, God saved His people when they cried out to Him (1 Samuel 12:6-11). Then God saved Israel through Saul and David.  They led the nation in battle against their enemies.  God served as David’s Savior over and over again in his lifetime. God is faithful  as the Savior of His people, even when His people fail. David continually worshiped God as His fortress and his salvation.
  • David was prepared for his reign as Israel’s king by shepherding a small flock of his father’s sheep. He learned to trust God and to act courageously to save the flock from the attacks of bears and lions. His military career began with his confrontation of Goliath on the battlefield.  Saul did not inspire courage in his men, but David’s courage inspired many others to fight with faith and boldness against unbelievable odds. These men made it possible for David to cease fighting when his strength began to fail.

 If David is the best that history has to offer, we can only see the faithfulness of God as He used David in bringing about great blessings through his failures. Two of Israel’s greatest blessings came about as a result of two of David’s greatest sins. David’s sin with Bathsheba resulted in the messianic line passing down through Bathsheba, and eventually this marriage produced the next king — Solomon.  David’s sin in numbering the Israelite warriors resulted in the purchase of the threshing floor of Araunah, which was the building site for the temple that was to be constructed under King Solomon.   The salvation of the Gentiles was due, to the rejection of Jesus Christ as Messiah by the Jews (see Romans 11).  Our sin, while it offends the righteousness of God, can be used to accomplish His purposes and promises. He will also employ Satan to achieve His purposes (1 Chronicles 21:1.).

  • There must be one coming who is greater than David. Israel had rejected God as their king in 1 Samuel 8, when they demanded a king to “save” them from their enemies. God never really abdicated His place as Israel’s King, as Israel’s Savior. Through the line of David, God would someday provide a King for His people who would save them from their sins. He would be more than David, more than a man, and one who was without sin. He would be the Lord Jesus Christ, who came as the “Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world” (John 1:29). He would be “delivered from death” as God the Father raised Him from the dead. He would return as the King of Israel, triumphing over his enemies.

PSALM 36  Man’s Wickedness and God’s Perfections

1     An oracle within my heart concerning the transgression of the wicked:
     There is no fear of God before his eyes.
2     For he flatters himself in his own eyes,
     When he finds out his iniquity and when he hates.
3     The words of his mouth are wickedness and deceit, He has ceased to be wise and to do good.
4     He devises wickedness on his bed, He sets himself din a way that is not good–
     He does not abhor evil.
5     Your mercy, O Lord, is in the heavens, Your faithfulness reaches to the clouds.
6     Your righteousness is like the great mountains, Your judgments are a great deep–
     O Lord, You preserve man and beast.
7     How precious is Your lovingkindness, O God!
     Therefore the children of men put their trust under the shadow of Your wings.
8    They are abundantly satisfied with the fullness of Your house,
     And You give them drink from the river of Your pleasures.
9     For with You is the fountain of life, in Your light we see light.
10     Oh, continue Your lovingkindness to those who know You, and Your righteousness
      to the upright in heart.
11     Let not the foot of pride come against me, and let not the hand of the wicked drive me away.
12     There the workers of iniquity have fallen, they have been cast down and are not able to rise.

…Psalm 26: Are You Sealed in God?



Are you sealed [made secure] by the Father through Jesus Christ His Son?
Now it is God who makes both us and you stand firm in Christ. He set his seal of ownership on us, and put his Spirit in our hearts… as a guarantee of what is to come.  

2 Cor 1:21-22

Seek the LORD while He may be found.  Call upon Him while He is near.
Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts, and let him return to the LORD, and He will have compassion on him–
And to our God, For He will abundantly pardon.  “For My thoughts are not your thoughts, Neither are your ways My ways,” declares the LORD.  “For as the heavens are higher than the earth, So are My ways higher than your ways, and My thoughts than your thoughts.  “For as the rain and the snow come down from heaven, and do not return there without watering the earth, and making it bear and sprout, and furnishing seed to the sower and bread to the eater– So shall My word be which goes forth from My mouth.  It shall not return to Me empty. Without accomplishing what I desire, and without succeeding in the matter for which I sent it .
Isaiah 55:6-11

 images (1)Covenants are binding.   David and Jonathan had an exceedingly strong  relationship before the Lord and made an everlasting covenant between themselves. 1 Samuel 23:16-18, says this,  ”David was in the Wilderness of Ziph in a forest. Then Jonathan, Saul’s son, arose and went to David in the woods and strengthened his hand in God.  And he said to him, ‘Do not fear, for the hand of Saul my father shall not find you. You shall be king over Israel, and I shall be next to you. Even my father Saul knows that.”  So the two of them made a covenant before the Lord. And David stayed in the woods, and Jonathan went to his own house.’” 

To be in a covenant relationship with God, we are sealed by Him in with binding agreement.  It is an agreement of Promises that can not be broken or forsaken. He will care for and provide for every one of His own, including you and me.

Saul may be looking for David, but it is Jonathan who finds David. Jonathan could not have appeared at a better time, and his words couldn’t have been any better chosen. The purpose of Jonathan’s visit is to encourage David in God. Jonathan’s encouragement is summed up in verse 17, making these assurances to David:

(1) Jonathan tells David not to be afraid. With Saul’s resources it seems as though impossible for David to escape him. Saul has publicly ordered David to be detained and brought to him or to reveal his place of hiding. David’s fears are not without reason, but Jonathan tells David not to be afraid.

(2) Jonathan assures David that in spite of his father’s efforts to find him, he will not succeed.  Jonathan not only joyfully accepts this fact, but has purposed to be David’s most loyal servant and supporter.

(3) Jonathan’s assurance is rooted in the sovereignty of the God whom he and David serve, whom Saul seeks to resist. If David is God’s choice for Israel’s next king, then no one including King Saul, will be able to kill him and thwart God’s purposes and promises.

(4) Jonathan’s loyalty is not a secret. Jonathan’s father Saul is fully aware of his son’s loyalty to David, even though he does not like it. Jonathan has not kept his association with David a secret, possibly encouraging others in the kingdom to support David as well.

(1 Samuel 23:25-29)  Encouragement comes at the right moment, and it picks the right words to say. Encouragement addresses fear and promotes courage.  At its root, encouragement is helping to instill courage upon those who are afraid.  When Saul and his men went to seek him, they told David. Therefore he went down to the rock, and stayed in the Wilderness of  Maon.  And when Saul heard that, he pursued David in the Wilderness of Maon.    Then Saul went on one side of the mountain, and David and his men on the other side of the mountain.  David made haste to get away from Saul, for Saul and his men were encircling David and his men to take them.

But a messenger came to Saul, saying, “Hurry and come, for the Philistines have invaded the land!”  Therefore Saul returned from pursuing David, and went against the Philistines; so they called that place the Rock of Escape.  Then David went up from there and dwelt in strongholds at En Gedi.

Who would have believed a hostile attack against Israel would be God’s means for preserving the life of her next king? God often saves when all human hope is gone, and then in ways we would never have predicted or expected. He does so because He is God, because His resources are unlimited, and because His way of doing things is beyond our imagination…

 In this Psalm, David by the Spirit of God, speaks of himself as  innocent…  there is a comparison with that of  Christ.  The man that walks in his integrity, yet trusting wholly in the grace of God, is in a state of acceptance according to the covenant of which Jesus was the Mediator.   He longs to be satisfied by practicing only the holy commands of God.  Great care to avoid bad company, is  a good evidence of our integrity.  Hypocrites may be found attending to God’s laws—but it is a better sign of sincerity to the Lord if we exercise repentance and have a conscientious desire for obedience.
Psalm 26 – A psalm of David
1     Vindicate me, O Lord,  for I have walked in my integrity.
     I have also trusted in the Lord, I shall not slip.
2    Examine me, O Lord, and prove me, try my mind and my heart.
3     For Your loving-kindness is before my eyes, and I have walked in Your truth.
4     I have not sat with idolatrous mortals, nor will I go in with hypocrites.
5     I have hated the assembly of evildoers, and will not sit with the wicked.
6     I will wash my hands in innocence—so I will go about Your altar, O Lord,
7     That I may proclaim with the voice of thanksgiving and tell of all Your wondrous works.
8     Lord, I have loved the habitation of Your house, and the place where Your glory dwells.
9    Do not gather my soul with sinners, nor my life with bloodthirsty men,
10     In whose hands is a sinister scheme, and whose right hand is full of bribes.
11     But as for me, I will walk in my integrity, redeem me and be merciful to me.
12    My foot stands in an even place— In the congregations I will bless the Lord.

…Psalm 20: Humiliation…

May the Lord answer us in the day of trouble
May He grant us according to our heart’s desire
We will rejoice in your salvation and in the name of our God we will set up our banners!
Some trust in chariots, and some in horsesbut we will remember the name of the Lord our God.  Psalm 20: 1,4,5,7
Honor and majesty You have places upon him…  Psalm 21:5

No one wants to be humiliated. Most of us are willing to do whatever it takes to keep from being humiliated.  Here the Kings own men receive the kind of humiliation that comes when you realize that your own character has been challenged and made public.  The goodness and kindness that God puts into the heart of his people… many use against us to humiliate us.  We’re talking about the kind of humiliation that goes beyond embarrassment to anguish.

It is also said this humiliation is something we all must go through, not for growth, but for salvation. Through it and in obedience to God’s instruction, we learn how to deal with people in godly ways–rather than heaping sin upon more sin.  We also learn to seek the protective covering for us through Christ’s sacrifice.

In the Beatitudes, Jesus talks about the humble, the lowly, and those who mourn.

 “Blessed are the poor in spirit, For theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are those who mourn, For they shall be comforted.  Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth.”  ~ Matthew 5:3-5


The scene is after David has shown kindness to Methebosheth, Johnathon’s son.  The enemy will surely try to strike us down after we we do some good and pleasing for God.   The Lord has helped David to set up a holy kingdom.  The people are all of one accord singing and praising the God of Israel.  This scripture shows the evil nature of the heart’s of men.  This was more of a strike against David rather than the nation of Israel.  A progression of  Satanic attacks will begin to take place in David’s personal life from this point on.

.At War with the Ammonites (2 Sam. 10:1–19)

imagesThe king of the Ammonites died. David affirmed his loyalty to the Ammonites because of the friendship he had with the deceased king.  But the Ammonites insulted the Israelites who had come to them in kindness and shaved off half of the beard of each man. They also cut off their garments at their hips and sent them away in disgrace.   David let his servants stay at Jericho until their beards had grown out.  In the meantime he prepared to punish the Ammonites.

This is a terrific passage of people from different nations working together for the good of all.  The Syrians were hired by the Ammonites to join in fighting Israel.  Joab, David’s general, realized that he was faced with a battle on two fronts. He divided his forces and prepared for battle. He chose to lead the battle against the Syrians and put Abishai in charge of the battle against the Ammonites. First the Syrians were defeated and then the Ammonites fled. After this battle, the Syrians regrouped and came against Israel again. David led in a decisive victory over them. The Syrians decided it was not a good idea to help the Ammonites against Israel any more.

One of the most inspiring texts of the Bible is found in verses 11 and 12. Joab said to Abishai, his brother, “If the Syrians are too strong for me, then you shall help me; but if the Ammonites are too strong for you, then I will come and help you. Be of good courage, and let us play the man for our people, and for the cities of our God; and may the Lord do what seems good to him.”

 The Ammonites and Syrians Defeated

Passage    2 Samuel 10:19    
It happened after this that the king of the people of Ammon died, and Hanun his son reigned in his place.  Then David said, “I will show kindness to Hanun the son of Nahash, as his father showed kindness to me.” So David sent by the hand of his servants to comfort him concerning his father.  And David’s servants came into the land of the people of Ammon.  And the princes of the people of Ammon said to Hanun their lord, “Do you think that David really honors your father because he has sent comforters to you?  Has David not rather sent his servants to you to search the city, to spy it out, and to overthrow it?”
Therefore Hanun took David’s servants, shaved off half of their beards, cut off their garments in the middle, at their buttocks, and sent them away.  When they told David, he sent to meet them, because the men were greatly ashamed.  And the king said, “Wait at Jericho until your beards have grown, and then return.”  When the people of Ammon saw that they had made themselves repulsive to David, the people of Ammon sent and hired the Syrians of Beth Rehob and the Syrians of Zoba, twenty thousand foot soldiers; and from the king of Maacah one thousand men, and from Ish-Tob twelve thousand men.
 Now when David heard of it, he sent Joab and all the army of the mighty men.  Then the people of Ammon came out and put themselves in battle array at the entrance of the gate. And the Syrians of Zoba, Beth Rehob, Ish-Tob, and Maacah were by themselves in the field.  When Joab saw that the battle line was against him before and behind, he chose some of Israel’s best and put them in battle array against the Syrians.  And the rest of the people he put under the command of Abishai his brother, that he might set them in battle array against the people of Ammon.  Then he said, “If the Syrians are too strong for me, then you shall help me; but if the people of Ammon are too strong for you, then I will come and help you. Be of good courage, and let us be strong for our people and for the cities of our God. And may the Lord do what is good in His sight.”
Psalm 20    The Assurance of God’s Saving Work
1     May the Lord answer you in the day of trouble, may the name of the God of Jacob defend you–
2     May He send you help from the sanctuary, and strengthen you out of Zion.
3     May He remember all your offerings, and accept your burnt sacrifice.      Selah
4     May He grant you according to your heart’s desire, and fulfill all your purpose.
5     We will rejoice in your salvation, and in the name of our God we will set up our banners!
     May the Lord fulfill all your petitions.
6    Now I know that the Lord saves His anointed–
     He will answer him from His holy heaven with the saving strength of His right hand.
7     Some trust in chariots, and some in horses, but we will remember the name of the
       Lord our God.
8     They have bowed down and fallen, but we have risen and stand upright.
9     Save, Lord!  May the King answer us when we call.

So Joab and the people who were with him drew near for the battle against the Syrians, and they fled before him.  When the people of Ammon saw that the Syrians were fleeing, they also fled before Abishai, and entered the city. So Joab returned from the people of Ammon and went to Jerusalem.  When the Syrians saw that they had been defeated by Israel, they gathered together.  Then Hadadezer sent and brought out the Syrians who were beyond the River, and they came to Helam.  And Shobach the commander of Hadadezer’s army went before them.  When it was told David, he gathered all Israel, crossed over the Jordan, and came to Helam.  And the Syrians set themselves in battle array against David and fought with him.  Then the Syrians fled before Israel; and David killed seven hundred charioteers and forty thousand  horsemen of the Syrians, and struck Shobach the commander of their army, who died there.  And when all the kings who were servants to Hadadezer saw that they were defeated by Israel, they made peace with Israel and served them. So the Syrians were afraid to help the people of Ammon anymore.

…Psalm 96: Sing to the Lord a New Song!

praising hands

Let us shout joyfully to the Rock of our salvation.  Let us come before His presence with thanksgiving. Let us shout joyfully to Him with psalms–for the Lord is the great God,

 Oh come, let us worship and bow down.  Let us kneel before the Lord our Maker.
 For He is our God, and we are the people of His pasture, and the sheep of His hand.  – Psalm 95
The Ark has been brought back to Israel and placed in the Tabernacle David set up for it.  David and the people were joyous and grateful for the Lords faithfulness to them and sang  before the Lord the God of Israel beautiful songs of worship.
We don’t need to wonder why David rejoiced and danced before the ark, as it entered back into the City of David.  David worshiped the Lord in beauty of holiness, as only the Lord–the Messiah is, reconciling the world unto himself.   This is a glorious Prophesy when Christ shall reign in righteousness over all nations. He shall rule in the hearts of men, by the power of truth, and the Spirit of righteousness.   This King stands before the door, but has not yet come in. The Lord will accept the praises of all who seek to promote the kingdom of Christ. He that searches the heart knows what is the mind of the Spirit, and understands the words of even the weakest. Christ will come to judge the earth and execute just vengeance on his enemies, and to fulfill his promises to his people.  Would that day be welcome to us?  If this be not our case, let us begin to prepare  by seeking the forgiveness of our sins, and the renewal of our souls and be ready to meet him.
Do we ever consider that the Lord might be asking of us  “a new song?”    He never wants our praises of  Him to become old or stale… or to turn it into ritual and routine.  How can we always be ready with a new song?  In Ephesians 5:18-19, it says  “be filled with the Spirit, speaking to one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing and making melody in your heart to the Lord...”    The infilling of the Holy Spirit is very necessary!   Each time we enter God’s presence in worship we catch a glimpse of His face, His grace and glory.
 The Lord will give us a glimpse of  His new Song for us with each new revelation He gives us!  Praise Him and Thank Him for it with a “new song”.
PSALM 96     Psalm of David, a Prophecy of the coming of the Messiah
1     Oh, sing to the Lord a new song!  Sing to the Lord, all the earth.
2     Sing to the Lord, bless His name; proclaim the good news of His salvation from day to day.
3     Declare His glory among the nations, His wonders among all peoples.
4     For the Lord is great and greatly to be praised; He is to be feared above all gods.
5     For all the gods of the peoples are idols, but the Lord made the heavens.
6     Honor and majesty are before Him; strength and beauty are in His sanctuary.
7     Give to the Lord, O families of the peoples, give to the Lord glory and strength.
8     Give to the Lord the glory due His name; bring an offering, and come into His courts.
9     Oh, worship the Lord in the beauty of holiness!  Tremble before Him, all the earth.
10     Say among the nations, “The Lord reigns–the world also is firmly established,
          it shall not be moved; He shall judge the peoples righteously.”
11    Let the heavens rejoice, and let the earth be glad; let the sea roar, and all its fullness;
12     Let the field be joyful, and all that is in it. 
        Then all the trees of the woods will rejoice before the Lord.
13     For He is coming, for He is coming to judge the earth.
        He shall judge the world with righteousness,
       And the peoples with His truth.

…Psalm 12: Wisdom is a Gift from God

WISDOM is a Gift from GOD

David’s wisdom came from one source.  For us, the source is the same —The Lord God is the source of all Wisdom — and there can be no other way.                          

David called on the Lord in the morning…  in the evening when retiring…. and all day long as he sought God’s Spirit for guidance and peace.  David was obedient to God’s Spirit—that is the BIG  “how do we keep it” once we receive  it.   Read from 1 Samuel 18: 14-15:  “And David behaved wisely in all his ways, and the Lord was with him.   Therefore, when Saul saw that he behaved very wisely, he was afraid of him.   And all Israel and Judah loved David, because he went out and came in before them.”

God did take notice and God was with him.  Saul also noticed how David behaved very wisely and he became all the more fearful of him.  All of Israel and Judah followed David now.  David’s life was in more danger as Saul’s “fear” increased more and more.  Being a greater threat to Saul now,  Saul decided he would have to find a way to end his life. His plan was to give him over in marriage to one of his daughters and  make him chief over his army… hoping that being at war with the Philistines would put an end to his life.   He married Mi’chal, continued going to war with the Philistines, and was successful in all he put his hand to—and Saul now became David’s enemy continually.
Truth for today:   We have God to go to, from whom we may ask and expect answers to our problems.  He will work deliverance for his oppressed people.  God is faithful, even when we are not…  His Word is faithful.  God’s Word can be  compared to silver refined to the highest degree.   As long as we are in the world, there will be the proud and wicked.   But we are to put ourselves into the hands of Christ our Savior   There we have safety.  For nothing can pluck us from his Hand—if we being built on Him, our Rock, we are safe.
Psalm 12 
1     Help, Lord,  for the godly man ceases!  
     For the faithful  are disappearing  from among the sons of men.
2    They speak idly everyone with his neighbor, with flattering lips and a double heart they speak.
3     May the Lord cut off all flattering lips, and the tongue that speaks proud things.
4     Who have said,  “With our tongue we will prevail—
     Our lips are our own, who is lord over us?”
5     “For the oppression of the poor, for the sighing of the needy, now I will arise,” says the Lord;
     “I will set him in the safety for which he yearns.”
6     The words of the Lord are pure words—
     Like silver tried in a furnace of earth, purified seven times.
7     You shall keep them, O Lord, You shall preserve them from this generation forever.
8     The wicked prowl on every side, when vileness is exalted among the sons of men.