…Psalm 127: David’s Last Instructions to “Clear the Land”

    “Heaven is My throne, and earth is My footstool.  
     Where is the house that you will build Me?  And where is the place of My rest? 
   For all those things My hand has made … and all those things exist,” says the Lord.
– Isaiah 66:1
David’s instruction to Solomon may seem a bit harsh.  Still a child, he is told by his father, David, to begin by clearing away certain men that had been a problem for David.  It is important also to understand evil men shall have no place in God’s kingdom, Israel must continue to remain undefiled to prepare the way for the coming Messiah.
1 Kings 2:13-46     David called Solomon and gave him some advice to help him begin his new administration.   The thing about David’s advice was that he counseled Solomon telling him to correct those things which he himself had failed to do.  He urges Solomon to devote himself to keeping God’s law:

“I am about to die. Be strong and become a great man!   Do the job the Lord your God has assigned you by following his instructions and obeying his rules, commandments, regulations, and laws as written in the law of Moses. Then you will succeed in all you do and seek to accomplish,  and the Lord will fulfill his promise to me, ‘If your descendants watch their step and live faithfully in my presence with all their heart and being, then,’ he promised, ‘you will not fail to have a successor on the throne of Israel’” (1 Kings 2:2-4).

Second, David urges Solomon to deal with Joab:

 “You know what Joab son of Zeruiah did to me—how he murdered two commanders of the Israelite armies, Abner son of Ner and Amasa son of Jether. During peacetime he struck them down like he would in battle; when he shed their blood as if in battle, he stained his own belt and the sandals on his feet.  Do to him what you think is appropriate, but don’t let him live long and die a peaceful death” (1 Kings 2:5-6).

Third, David encourages Solomon to reward Barzillai, a man who remained faithful to him in his time of trouble:

“Treat fairly the sons of Barzillai of Gilead and provide for their needs, because they helped me when I had to flee from your brother Absalom” (1 Kings 2:7).

Finally, David urged Solomon to deal with  Shimei, a man who had been a thorn in David’s flesh:

Note well, you still have to contend with Shimei son of Gera, the Benjaminite from Bahurim, who tried to call down upon me a horrible judgment when I went to Mahanaim. He came down and met me at the Jordan, and I solemnly promised him by the Lord, ‘I will not strike you down with the sword.’ 9 But now don’t treat him as if he were innocent. You are a wise man and you know how to handle him; make sure he has a bloody death” (1 Kings 2:8-9).

1 Kings 2, tells that Solomon carried out David’s counsel and thereby consolidated his kingdom.  These men will not trouble the kingdom further.  Solomon dealt with Abiathar, the priest who had betrayed him by supporting Adonijah. David would not execute a priest, but he did banish him to his home. Solomon appointed Zadok as priest in his place (1 Kings 2:35)

When word reached Joab that Solomon was dealing with his enemies, he fled to the altar and grasped its horns.  This time, Joab was not to escape the punishment he deserved. Solomon dispatched Benaiah, who put Joab to death before the altar for Joab’s acts of murder against innocent men. (1 Kings 2:31-33).

Last, Solomon carried out David’s counsel regarding Shimei, the Benjamite who had wrongly spoken against David. Shimei brought about his own death. He promised Shimei that if he left Jerusalem, his life would be taken. Two years later, when Solomon learned that Shimei had left Jerusalem, he summoned him and rebuked him for violating the terms the king had set down. Solomon’s kingdom was firmly established, because those who would oppose him had been removed.

The Close of David’s Reign   

So David rested with his fathers, and was buried in the City of David.  Then Solomon sat on the throne of his father David; and his kingdom was  firmly established.

Thus David the son of Jesse reigned over all Israel.  And the period that he reigned over Israel was forty years–seven years he reigned in Hebron, and thirty-three years he reigned in Jerusalem.  So he died in a good old age, full of days and riches and honor, and Solomon his son reigned in his place.  – 1 Chronicles 29:26-28

Psalm 127    Laboring and Prospering with the Lord
A Song of Ascents of Solomon
1     Unless the Lord builds the house, they labor in vain who build it;
     Unless the Lord guards the city, the watchman stays awake in vain.
2     It is vain for you to rise up early, to sit up late, to eat the bread of sorrows–
     For so He gives His beloved sleep.
3     Behold, children are a heritage from the Lord, the fruit of the womb is a reward.
4     Like arrows in the hand of a warrior, so are the children of one’s youth.
5     Happy is the man who has his quiver full of them–
    They shall not be ashamed, but shall speak with their enemies in the gate.



…Psalm 112: From David to Solomon

Solomon 5

1 Kings Chapter 1,   King David has “weakened” in his old age and has been some time in his bed chamber– we are told he is lying in his bed oblivious to what is going on outside.  A young virgin has been found to stay with him and care for all his needs.  Unaware to David, his oldest son Adonijah has taken upon himself to be the next king.  Adonijah has gained the support of Joab and Abiathar, the priest.  Nathan also was aware of what Adonijah was up to and how he carefully avoided those who were loyal to David.  Nathan warned Bathsheba that if she did not use her influence on David, she and her son would soon be in danger.  At Nathan’s prompting, Bathsheba went to David and told him what was going on. She reminded the king of his promise that her son, Solomon, would be Israel’s next king.

Bathsheba leaves the king’s presence when Nathan comes in to tell David the same story, that Adonijah is seeking to seize the throne. He informs David there is a celebration victory already taking place. David calls again for Bathsheba and  summons Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada and gives instructions that they are to immediately crown Solomon as Israel’s king at David’s request.

With strength regained, the next day he goes before the people to praise God and offers sacrifices.

David’s Praise to God   1 Chronicles 29:10-20
10 David blessed the Lord before all the assembly and said:
     “Blessed are You, Lord God of Israel, our Father, forever and ever.
11  Yours, O Lord, is the greatness, the power and the glory, the victory and the majesty.
     For all that is in heaven and in earth is Yours–
     Yours is the kingdom, O Lord, and You are exalted as head over all.
12  Both riches and honor come from You, and You reign over all.
     In Your hand is power and might;
       In Your hand it is to make great and to give strength to all.
13   “Now therefore, our God, we thank You and praise Your glorious name..
        Our days on earth are as a shadow…
16 “O Lord our God, all this abundance that we have prepared to build You a house for Your holy name is from Your hand, and is all Your own. 17 I know also, my God, that You test the heart and have pleasure in uprightness.  As for me, in the uprightness of my heart I have willingly offered all these things; and now with joy I have seen Your people, who are present here to offer willingly to You. 18 O Lord God of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, our fathers, keep this forever in the intent of the thoughts of the heart of Your people, and fix their heart toward You. 19 And give my son Solomon a loyal heart to keep Your commandments and Your testimonies and Your statutes, to do all these things, and to build the temple for which I have made provision.”
20 Then David said to all the assembly, “Now bless the Lord your God.” So all the assembly blessed the Lord God of their fathers, and bowed their heads and prostrated themselves before the Lord and the king.

Solomon Anointed King   2 Chronicles 29:21-25

21 And they made sacrifices to the Lord and offered burnt offerings to the Lord on the next day: a thousand bulls, a thousand rams, a thousand lambs, with their drink offerings, and sacrifices in abundance for all Israel. 22 So they ate and drank before the Lord with great gladness on that day. And they made Solomon the son of David king the second time, and anointed him before the Lord to be the leader, and Zadok to be priest. 23 Then Solomon sat on the throne of the Lord as king instead of David his father, and prospered; and all Israel obeyed him. 24 All the leaders and the mighty men, and also all the sons of King David, submitted themselves to King Solomon. 25 So the Lord exalted Solomon exceedingly in the sight of all Israel, and bestowed on him such royal majesty as had not been on any king before him in Israel.

 PSALM 112  The Blessed State of the Righteous
1     Praise the Lord!   Blessed is the man who fears the Lord,
     Who delights greatly in His commandments.
2     His descendants will be mighty on earth, the generation of the upright will be blessed.
3   Wealth and riches will be in his house, and his righteousness endures forever.
4    Unto the upright there arises light in the darkness.
     He is gracious, and full of compassion, and righteous.
5     A good man deals graciously and lends, he will guide his affairs with discretion.
6     Surely he will never be shaken– 
    The righteous will be in everlasting remembrance.
7     He will not be afraid of evil tidings, his heart is steadfast, trusting in the Lord.
8     His heart is established, he will not be afraid, until he sees his desire upon his enemies.
9     He has dispersed abroad, he has given to the poor–
     His righteousness endures forever, his horn will be exalted with honor.
10     The wicked will see it and be grieved–
     He will gnash his teeth and melt away, the desire of the wicked shall perish.

…Psalm 33: Man’s Wickedness — God’s Perfection (part 2)

A place for Sacrifice and Atonement

2 Samuel 24:18-25

18 So Gad came to David that day and said to him, “Go up, erect an altar to the LORD on the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite.” 19 David went up according to the word of Gad, just as the LORD had commanded. 20 Araunah looked down and saw the king and his servants crossing over toward him; and Araunah went out and bowed his face to the ground before the king. 21 Then Araunah said, “Why has my lord the king come to his servant?” And David said, “To buy the threshing floor from you, in order to build an altar to the LORD, that the plague may be held back from the people.” 22 Araunah said to David, “Let my lord the king take and offer up what is good in his sight. Look, the oxen for the burnt offering, the threshing sledges and the yokes of the oxen for the wood. 23 “Everything, O king, Araunah gives to the king.” And Araunah said to the king, “May the LORD your God accept you.” 24 However, the king said to Araunah, “No, but I will surely buy it from you for a price, for I will not offer burnt offerings to the LORD my God which cost me nothing.” So David bought the threshing floor and the oxen for fifty shekels of silver. 25 David built there an altar to the LORD and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. Thus the LORD was moved by prayer for the land, and the plague was held back from Israel.

wheat-threshing-600x427God came to David with another solution – sacrifice. David was to erect an altar to the LORD there on the threshing floor of Araunah.   David began to make his way up to the place where the angel of the LORD had been halted. (verse 16)   Araunah and his four sons were there at the threshing floor threshing wheat.  David was making his way to where they were.  (1 Chronicles 21:20-21). It must have been a terrifying moment for them.

Araunah having land near to David and the city of Jerusalem, offered to give David the land–but David refused…   If David accepted this offer, his sacrifice would cost him nothing. He could not offer a “sacrifice” without first making a sacrifice.  David purchased the land.  He offered his sacrifices to the Lord, and when this sacrifice had been made, the Lord heard and stopped the plague.  This place would become  the property on which Solomon’s temple would be built.

PSALM 33  The Sovereignty of the Lord In Creation and History

1     Rejoice in the Lord, O you righteous! For praise from the upright is beautiful.
2     Praise the Lord with the harp, make melody to Him with an instrument of ten strings.
3     Sing to Him a new song!  Play skillfully with a shout of joy.
4     For the word of the Lord is right, and all His work is done in truth.
5     He loves righteousness and justice; the earth is full of the goodness of the Lord.
6     By the word of the Lord the heavens were made, and all the host of them
      by the breath of His mouth.
7    He gathers the waters of the sea together as a heap, He lays up the deep in storehouses.
8     Let all the earth fear the Lord; let all the inhabitants of the world stand in awe of Him.
9     For He spoke, and it was done;  He commanded, and it stood fast.
10   The Lord brings the counsel of the nations to nothing, 
      He makes the plans of the peoples of no effect.
11     The counsel of the Lord stands forever, the plans of His heart to all generations.
12     Blessed is the nation whose God is the Lord, the people He has chosen as His own inheritance.
13    The Lord looks from heaven, He sees all the sons of men.
14     From the place of His dwelling He looks on all the inhabitants of the earth;
15     He fashions their hearts individually, He considers all their works.
16    No king is saved by the multitude of an army, a mighty man is not delivered by great strength.
17     A horse is a vain hope for safety, neither shall it deliver any by its great strength.
18     Behold, the eye of the Lord is on those who fear Him, on those who hope in His mercy,
19     To deliver their soul from death, and to keep them alive in famine.
20     Our soul waits for the Lord;  He is our help and our shield.
21     For our heart shall rejoice in Him, because we have trusted in His holy name.
22     Let Your mercy, O Lord, be upon us, just as we hope in You.

…Psalm 36: Man’s Wickedness — God’s Perfection (part 1)

First, we are reminded of the faithfulness of God as the Savior of His people.

Second, we see that while God is a faithful Savior, He will use men of courage and faith.

Third, we see that while man is sinful, our sin never hinders God from accomplishing His saving work.

Fourth, we see from this epilogue that no human king will ever be able to fulfill God’s promise of salvation.


The Census

Exodus 30:12:  “When you take the census of the children of Israel for their number, then every man shall give a ransom for himself to the Lord, when you number them, that there may be no plague among them when you number them.”

The principle of Exodus 30:12 speaks of God’s ownership of His people.  No man had a right to count or number what belonged to God.  The people of Israel belonged to God. If David counted he should only do it at God’s command and receiving ransom money to “atone” for the counting.  [Bible.org]

2 Samuel 24:1-17

Census  [verses 1-7]

 1 Again the anger of the Lord was aroused against Israel, and He moved David against them to say, “Go, number Israel and Judah.”    2 So the king said to Joab the commander of the army who was with him, “Now go throughout all the tribes of Israel, from Dan to Beersheba, and count the people, that I may know the number of the people.”  3 And Joab said to the king, “Now may the Lord your God add to the people a hundred times more than there are, and may the eyes of my lord the king see it. But why does my lord the king desire this thing?” 4 Nevertheless the king’s word prevailed against Joab and against the captains of the army. Therefore Joab and the captains of the army went out from the presence of the king to count the people of Israel.

Judgement on David’s Sin  [verse 10-17]

 10 And David’s heart condemned him after he had numbered the people. So David said to the Lord, “I have sinned greatly in what I have done; but now, I pray, O Lord, take away the iniquity of Your servant, for I have done very foolishly.”  11 Now when David arose in the morning, the word of the Lord came to the prophet Gad, David’s seer, saying, 12 “Go and tell David, ‘Thus says the Lord: “I offer you three things; choose one of them for yourself, that I may do it to you.” ’ ” 13 So Gad came to David and told him; and he said to him, “Shall seven years of famine come to you in your land? Or shall you flee three months before your enemies, while they pursue you? Or shall there be three days’ plague in your land? Now consider and see what answer I should take back to Him who sent me.”  14 And David said to Gad, “I am in great distress. Please let us fall into the hand of the Lord, for His mercies are great; but do not let me fall into the hand of man.”

15 So he Lord sent a plague upon Israel from the morning till the appointed time. From Dan to Beersheba seventy thousand men of the people died. 16 And when the angel stretched out His hand over Jerusalem to destroy it, the Lord relented from the destruction, and said to the angel who was destroying the people, “It is enough; now restrain your hand.” And the angel of the Lord was by the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite.  17 Then David spoke to the Lord when he saw the angel who was striking the people, and said, “Surely I have sinned, and I have done wickedly; but these sheep, what have they done? Let Your hand, I pray, be against me and against my father’s house.”

 Altar on the Threshing Floor   [verses 18-25]

 18 And Gad came that day to David and said to him, “Go up, erect an altar to the Lord on the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite.” 19 So David, according to the word of Gad, went up as the Lord commanded. 20 Now Araunah looked, and saw the king and his servants coming toward him. So Araunah went out and bowed before the king with his face to the ground. 21 Then Araunah said, “Why has my lord the king come to his servant?” And David said, “To buy the threshing floor from you, to build an altar to the Lord, that the plague may be withdrawn from the people.”

         22 Now Araunah said to David, “Let my lord the king take and offer up whatever seems good to him. Look, here are oxen for burnt sacrifice, and threshing implements and the yokes of the oxen for wood. 23 All these, O king, Araunah has given to the king.” And Araunah said to the king, “May the Lord your God accept you.”  24 Then the king said to Araunah, “No, but I will surely buy it from you for a price; nor will I offer burnt offerings to the Lord my God with that which costs me nothing.” So David bought the threshing floor and the oxen for fifty shekels of silver. 25 And David built there an altar to the Lord, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. So the Lord heeded the prayers for the land, and the plague was withdrawn from Israel.

Here we have an example of Calamity and Compassion.  God has poured out His wrath on His people, but now He took compassion on them. He order the angel, who was standing by the threshing floor, to cease from killing any more people. David could not have known God’s purposes yet, and so he petitioned God in an attempt to halt the plague. He asked that God’s anger be satisfied by pouring out His wrath on him [on his father’s house].  But God had a better plan.

  • Moses and Aaron, and throughout the period of the judges, God saved His people when they cried out to Him (1 Samuel 12:6-11). Then God saved Israel through Saul and David.  They led the nation in battle against their enemies.  God served as David’s Savior over and over again in his lifetime. God is faithful  as the Savior of His people, even when His people fail. David continually worshiped God as His fortress and his salvation.
  • David was prepared for his reign as Israel’s king by shepherding a small flock of his father’s sheep. He learned to trust God and to act courageously to save the flock from the attacks of bears and lions. His military career began with his confrontation of Goliath on the battlefield.  Saul did not inspire courage in his men, but David’s courage inspired many others to fight with faith and boldness against unbelievable odds. These men made it possible for David to cease fighting when his strength began to fail.

 If David is the best that history has to offer, we can only see the faithfulness of God as He used David in bringing about great blessings through his failures. Two of Israel’s greatest blessings came about as a result of two of David’s greatest sins. David’s sin with Bathsheba resulted in the messianic line passing down through Bathsheba, and eventually this marriage produced the next king — Solomon.  David’s sin in numbering the Israelite warriors resulted in the purchase of the threshing floor of Araunah, which was the building site for the temple that was to be constructed under King Solomon.   The salvation of the Gentiles was due, to the rejection of Jesus Christ as Messiah by the Jews (see Romans 11).  Our sin, while it offends the righteousness of God, can be used to accomplish His purposes and promises. He will also employ Satan to achieve His purposes (1 Chronicles 21:1.).

  • There must be one coming who is greater than David. Israel had rejected God as their king in 1 Samuel 8, when they demanded a king to “save” them from their enemies. God never really abdicated His place as Israel’s King, as Israel’s Savior. Through the line of David, God would someday provide a King for His people who would save them from their sins. He would be more than David, more than a man, and one who was without sin. He would be the Lord Jesus Christ, who came as the “Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world” (John 1:29). He would be “delivered from death” as God the Father raised Him from the dead. He would return as the King of Israel, triumphing over his enemies.

PSALM 36  Man’s Wickedness and God’s Perfections

1     An oracle within my heart concerning the transgression of the wicked:
     There is no fear of God before his eyes.
2     For he flatters himself in his own eyes,
     When he finds out his iniquity and when he hates.
3     The words of his mouth are wickedness and deceit, He has ceased to be wise and to do good.
4     He devises wickedness on his bed, He sets himself din a way that is not good–
     He does not abhor evil.
5     Your mercy, O Lord, is in the heavens, Your faithfulness reaches to the clouds.
6     Your righteousness is like the great mountains, Your judgments are a great deep–
     O Lord, You preserve man and beast.
7     How precious is Your lovingkindness, O God!
     Therefore the children of men put their trust under the shadow of Your wings.
8    They are abundantly satisfied with the fullness of Your house,
     And You give them drink from the river of Your pleasures.
9     For with You is the fountain of life, in Your light we see light.
10     Oh, continue Your lovingkindness to those who know You, and Your righteousness
      to the upright in heart.
11     Let not the foot of pride come against me, and let not the hand of the wicked drive me away.
12     There the workers of iniquity have fallen, they have been cast down and are not able to rise.

…Psalm 26: Are You Sealed in God?



Are you sealed [made secure] by the Father through Jesus Christ His Son?
Now it is God who makes both us and you stand firm in Christ. He set his seal of ownership on us, and put his Spirit in our hearts… as a guarantee of what is to come.  

2 Cor 1:21-22

Seek the LORD while He may be found.  Call upon Him while He is near.
Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts, and let him return to the LORD, and He will have compassion on him–
And to our God, For He will abundantly pardon.  “For My thoughts are not your thoughts, Neither are your ways My ways,” declares the LORD.  “For as the heavens are higher than the earth, So are My ways higher than your ways, and My thoughts than your thoughts.  “For as the rain and the snow come down from heaven, and do not return there without watering the earth, and making it bear and sprout, and furnishing seed to the sower and bread to the eater– So shall My word be which goes forth from My mouth.  It shall not return to Me empty. Without accomplishing what I desire, and without succeeding in the matter for which I sent it .
Isaiah 55:6-11

 images (1)Covenants are binding.   David and Jonathan had an exceedingly strong  relationship before the Lord and made an everlasting covenant between themselves. 1 Samuel 23:16-18, says this,  ”David was in the Wilderness of Ziph in a forest. Then Jonathan, Saul’s son, arose and went to David in the woods and strengthened his hand in God.  And he said to him, ‘Do not fear, for the hand of Saul my father shall not find you. You shall be king over Israel, and I shall be next to you. Even my father Saul knows that.”  So the two of them made a covenant before the Lord. And David stayed in the woods, and Jonathan went to his own house.’” 

To be in a covenant relationship with God, we are sealed by Him in with binding agreement.  It is an agreement of Promises that can not be broken or forsaken. He will care for and provide for every one of His own, including you and me.

Saul may be looking for David, but it is Jonathan who finds David. Jonathan could not have appeared at a better time, and his words couldn’t have been any better chosen. The purpose of Jonathan’s visit is to encourage David in God. Jonathan’s encouragement is summed up in verse 17, making these assurances to David:

(1) Jonathan tells David not to be afraid. With Saul’s resources it seems as though impossible for David to escape him. Saul has publicly ordered David to be detained and brought to him or to reveal his place of hiding. David’s fears are not without reason, but Jonathan tells David not to be afraid.

(2) Jonathan assures David that in spite of his father’s efforts to find him, he will not succeed.  Jonathan not only joyfully accepts this fact, but has purposed to be David’s most loyal servant and supporter.

(3) Jonathan’s assurance is rooted in the sovereignty of the God whom he and David serve, whom Saul seeks to resist. If David is God’s choice for Israel’s next king, then no one including King Saul, will be able to kill him and thwart God’s purposes and promises.

(4) Jonathan’s loyalty is not a secret. Jonathan’s father Saul is fully aware of his son’s loyalty to David, even though he does not like it. Jonathan has not kept his association with David a secret, possibly encouraging others in the kingdom to support David as well.

(1 Samuel 23:25-29)  Encouragement comes at the right moment, and it picks the right words to say. Encouragement addresses fear and promotes courage.  At its root, encouragement is helping to instill courage upon those who are afraid.  When Saul and his men went to seek him, they told David. Therefore he went down to the rock, and stayed in the Wilderness of  Maon.  And when Saul heard that, he pursued David in the Wilderness of Maon.    Then Saul went on one side of the mountain, and David and his men on the other side of the mountain.  David made haste to get away from Saul, for Saul and his men were encircling David and his men to take them.

But a messenger came to Saul, saying, “Hurry and come, for the Philistines have invaded the land!”  Therefore Saul returned from pursuing David, and went against the Philistines; so they called that place the Rock of Escape.  Then David went up from there and dwelt in strongholds at En Gedi.

Who would have believed a hostile attack against Israel would be God’s means for preserving the life of her next king? God often saves when all human hope is gone, and then in ways we would never have predicted or expected. He does so because He is God, because His resources are unlimited, and because His way of doing things is beyond our imagination…

 In this Psalm, David by the Spirit of God, speaks of himself as  innocent…  there is a comparison with that of  Christ.  The man that walks in his integrity, yet trusting wholly in the grace of God, is in a state of acceptance according to the covenant of which Jesus was the Mediator.   He longs to be satisfied by practicing only the holy commands of God.  Great care to avoid bad company, is  a good evidence of our integrity.  Hypocrites may be found attending to God’s laws—but it is a better sign of sincerity to the Lord if we exercise repentance and have a conscientious desire for obedience.
Psalm 26 – A psalm of David
1     Vindicate me, O Lord,  for I have walked in my integrity.
     I have also trusted in the Lord, I shall not slip.
2    Examine me, O Lord, and prove me, try my mind and my heart.
3     For Your loving-kindness is before my eyes, and I have walked in Your truth.
4     I have not sat with idolatrous mortals, nor will I go in with hypocrites.
5     I have hated the assembly of evildoers, and will not sit with the wicked.
6     I will wash my hands in innocence—so I will go about Your altar, O Lord,
7     That I may proclaim with the voice of thanksgiving and tell of all Your wondrous works.
8     Lord, I have loved the habitation of Your house, and the place where Your glory dwells.
9    Do not gather my soul with sinners, nor my life with bloodthirsty men,
10     In whose hands is a sinister scheme, and whose right hand is full of bribes.
11     But as for me, I will walk in my integrity, redeem me and be merciful to me.
12    My foot stands in an even place— In the congregations I will bless the Lord.

…Psalm 18: David’s Reflections

  As for God, His way is perfect. The word of the Lord is proven, He is a shield to all who trust in Him.

This reflection at the end of King David’s reign contains some of his last words and speaks of the hand of God in his life.  It follows in content  with the tradition of earlier psalms and Israel’s history.  These words are written under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit. They were to be taken very seriously then, and by us as well.   The content includes:  The Song of Israel by the Sea (Exodus 15:1-18),  The Song of Moses (Deuteronomy 32:1-43),   The Song of Deborah (Judges 5),  The Song of Hannah (1 Samuel 2:1-10),  The Song of David (2 Samuel 22) (Psalm 18),  The Song of Habakkuk (Habakkuk 3:1-19)..

Samuel 22:1-51, is almost identical with Psalm 18:  David’s Deliverer (verses 1-3),  David’s Danger, His Cry for Help, and His Deliverance  (4-20),  The Basis for David’s Deliverance  (21-28),  Divine Strengthening to Defeat Enemies (29-46),  Praise to God!  (47-50),  God Save the King!  (51).

 The Lord is David’s deliverer and David’s refuge.  He is also the refuge and deliverer of all who trust in Him, including all the Gentiles. All those who set themselves against God’s king (David, or the Messiah), are the enemies of God, and will be crushed.  Is David safe and secure because God is his refuge?  Yes.  David reveals this confidence and security is much more long-lasting than just during his own lifetime. He knows that as God has shown loving-kindness to him, He will show it to his descendants, and thus these blessings of which he has spoken are eternal. God has not only kept His promise to David, protecting him from those who would destroy him and establishing his throne, God will also install the One who fulfills the Davidic Covenant, God’s anointed One, the Messiah.

 David, Servant of the Lord, spoke to the Lord the words of this song praising God for how He delivered him from the hand of all his enemies.
1     I will love You, O Lord, my strength.
2    The Lord is my rock and my fortress and my deliverer. My God, my strength,
in whom I will trust, my shield and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold.
3    I will call upon the Lord, who is worthy to be praised–
so shall I be saved from my enemies..
4  The pangs of death surrounded me, and the floods of ungodliness made me afraid.
5     The sorrows of Sheol surrounded me, the snares of death confronted me.
6     In my distress I called upon the Lord, and cried out to my God–
He heard my voice from His temple, and my cry came before Him, even to His ears.
7    Then the earth shook and trembled–
 The foundations of the hills also quaked and were shaken, because He was angry.
8     Smoke went up from His nostrils, an devouring fire from His mouth–
Coals were kindled by it.
9    He bowed the heavens also, and came down with darkness under His feet..
10  And He rode upon a cherub, and flew, He flew upon the wings of the wind.
11    He made darkness His secret place, His canopy around Him was dark waters
And thick clouds of the skies.
12  From the brightness before Him, His thick clouds passed with hailstones and coals of fire.
13   The Lord thundered from heaven, and the Most High uttered His voice,
Hailstones and coals of fire.
14   He sent out His arrows and scattered the foe, lightnings in abundance, and He vanquished them.
15     Then the channels of the sea were seen, the foundations of the world were uncovered
 At Your rebuke, O Lord, at the blast of the breath of Your nostrils.
16   He sent from above, He took me,  He drew me out of many waters.
17   He delivered me from my strong enemy, from those who hated me,
 for they were too strong for me.
18     They confronted me in the day of my calamity, but the Lord was my support..
19   He also brought me out into a broad place.  He delivered me because He delighted in me.
20   The Lord rewarded me according to my righteousness– 
According to the cleanness  of my hands He has recompensed me..
21   For I have kept the ways of the Lord, and have not wickedly departed from my God.
22   For all His judgments were before me, and I did not put away His statutes from me.
23  I was also blameless before Him, and I kept myself from my iniquity.
24   Therefore the Lord has recompensed me according to my righteousness,
According to the cleanness of my hands in His sight.
25  With the merciful You will show Yourself merciful–
 with a blameless man You will show Yourself blameless.
26     With the pure You will show Yourself pure, and with the devious
You will show Yourself shrewd.
27     For You will save the humble people, but will bring down haughty looks.
28   For You will light my lamp, the Lord my God will enlighten my darkness..
29     For by You I can run against a troop, by my God I can leap over a wall.
30   As for God, His way is perfect. The word of the Lord is proven, He is a shield
to all who trust in Him.
31   For who is God, except the Lord? And who is a rock, except our God?
32     It is God who arms me with strength, and makes my way perfect.
33  He makes my feet like the feet of deer, and sets me on my high places.
34  He teaches my hands to make war, so that my arms can bend a bow of bronze.
35   You have also given me the shield of Your salvation. Your right hand has held me up,
 Your gentleness has made me great.
36   You enlarged my path under me, so my feet did not slip. 
37   I have pursued my enemies and overtaken them– 
Neither did I turn back again till they were destroyed.
38   I have wounded them, so that they could not rise, they have fallen under my feet.
39     For You have armed me with strength for the battle; You have subdued under
me those who rose up against me.
40     You have also given me the necks of my enemies, so that I destroyed those who
hated me.
41     They cried out, but there was none to save, even to the Lord, but He did not answer them.
.42    Then I beat them as fine as the dust before the wind; I cast them out like dirt
in the streets.
43     You have delivered me from the strivings of the people–
You have made me the head of the nations, a people I have not known shall serve me.
44    As soon as they hear of me they obey me, the foreigners submit to me.
45   The foreigners fade away, and come frightened from their hideouts..
46   The Lord lives!   Blessed be my Rock!  Let the God of my salvation be exalted..
47     It is God who avenges me, and subdues the peoples under me–
48   He delivers me from my enemies. You also lift me up above those who rise against me.
You have delivered me from the violent man.
49   Therefore I will give thanks to You, O Lord, among the Gentiles,
and sing praises to Your name.
.50  Great deliverance He gives to His king, and shows mercy to His anointed,
 To David and his descendants forevermore..

… Psalm 65: Making Matters Right

David is once again in Jerusalem, reigning as King of Israel.  It was a long, hard struggle for David as he waited for God to fulfill his promises.  There were a number of years of success as King over Israel, but this success led to carelessness, and ultimately to David’s fall.  The outcome was a great deal of suffering and adversity—topped off by the rebellion of his own son Absalom and having to leave Jerusalem.  David’s difficulties after his moral decline were many, and they were extremely painful. There is much to learn from them.    David did sin, and he did repent, but things did not just go on as before. David’s life was never the same.  Sin is never worth the price, and David’s life illustrates that.  What followed were difficulties that ultimately were for David’s good, and for the good of God’s people. David’s difficulties also served to humble David, and to make him more dependent upon God. It produced even greater humility and graciousness in him.

We can also see the “turning points” through out where God intervened in David’s life and for the kingdom in a very direct way.  Do we ever wonder why David didn’t just stay in Jerusalem and defend his throne from Absolam?  By leaving for the wilderness of Ephraim, He would not have to go to battle against his own people.  The people of Israel we God’s chosen as well as people under his own reign.  David’s Covenant with the God would have been immediately broken and a great sin would have occurred.  This, was a major turning point.  David did not sin against God and He intervened and worked all out all for His glory.  Another can be seen in The rebellion of Sheba,

… a Benjamite, who came against David saying,  “We have no share in David, nor do we have an inheritance in the son of Jesse. Every man to his tents, O Israel!” So every man of Israel deserted David and followed Sheba the son of Bichri.  David had appointed Amasa commander in place of Joab after the killing of his son Absalom, and by this wins back the favor of the men of Judah.  When Amasa is late in returning to Jerusalem with his army, this prompts David to send Abishai,  Joab’s brother, to search for Amasa.  A dropped sword and an unsuspecting Amasa become the opportunity for Joab to eliminate Amasa and to take back his place as commander.   Joab went on after Sheba, when a wise woman from over the wall of Israel speaks out, convincing Joab that he need not make further war because of  Sheba’s rebellion.  The people inside cornered Sheba and killed  him and threw his head over the wall to Joab.  Here is the unseen hand of God at work in saving the lives of His people Israel.

The men of Judah, from the Jordan as far as Jerusalem, remained loyal to their king. The people of Israel are again arguing with the people of Judah.  The Israelite’ s argued that since they consist of ten tribes they have ten times more ownership of David–or should we say David is ten times more obligated to them. But when the people of Judah speak of their relationship to David, their claim to him is that he is near kin. Neither speak of David as God’s anointed king.  Both tribes follow David for self-serving reasons.  We can see the spiritual condition of these people.  Israel’s sinfulness in relationship to the divinely appointed leadership of David, as if they believed their king was obliged to give them what they wanted, when they wanted it, and felt free to reject him when they didn’t get their way.  Their  rebellion against David is also rebellion against God.

Making Matters Right with the Gibeonites

A famine has come to the land of Israel.  There are two events in  2 Samuel 21 that show us there are times when God intervenes in the lives of men.  No matter how “out of control” things may have looked, God was in complete control, using the most unlikely means to achieve what He had purposed and promised.  He is using David to make “right” the breaking of covenant between the Gibeonites and Israel 400 years earlier.

I am using the commentary of Bob Deffinbaugh. (Bible.org).  The Israelite’s made a covenant with the Gibeonites four centuries before the days of David. (Joshua 9 )    It fell to David to deal with the sins of Saul regarding the breaking of this covenant.

2 Samuel 21:1-14   Now there was a famine in the days of David for three years, year after year; and David sought the presence of the LORD. And the LORD said, “It is for Saul and his bloody house, because he put the Gibeonites to death.”  So the king called the Gibeonites and spoke to them (now the Gibeonites were not of the sons of Israel but of the remnant of the Amorites, and the sons of Israel made a covenant with them, but Saul had sought to kill them in his zeal for the sons of Israel and Judah). Thus David said to the Gibeonites, “What should I do for you? And how can I make atonement that you may bless the inheritance of the LORD?” Then the Gibeonites said to him, “We have no concern of silver or gold with Saul or his house, nor is it for us to put any man to death in Israel.” And he said, “I will do for you whatever you say.” So they said to the king, “The man who consumed us and who planned to exterminate us from remaining within any border of Israel, let seven men from his sons be given to us, and we will hang them before the LORD in Gibeah of Saul, the chosen of the LORD.” And the king said, “I will give hem.”  But the king spared Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan the son of Saul, because of the oath of the LORD which was between them, between David and Saul’s son Jonathan.  So the king took the two sons of Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, Armoni and Mephibosheth whom she had born to Saul, and the five sons of Merab the daughter of Saul, whom she had born to Adriel the son of Barzillai the Meholathite. Then he gave them into the hands of the Gibeonites, and they hanged them in the mountain before the LORD, so that the seven of them fell together…

Now Rizpah the daughter of Aiah took sackcloth and spread it for herself on the rock, from the beginning of harvest until the late rains poured on them from heaven. And she did not allow the birds of the air to rest on them by day nor the beasts of the field by night.  And David was told what Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, the concubine of Saul, had done.  Then David went and took the bones of Saul, and the bones of Jonathan his son, from the men of Jabesh Gilead who had stolen them from the street of Beth Shan, where the Philistines had hung them up, after the Philistines had struck down Saul in Gilboa.  So he brought up the bones of Saul and the bones of Jonathan his son from there; and they gathered the bones of those who had been hanged.  They buried the bones of Saul and Jonathan his son in the country of Benjamin in Zelah, in the tomb of Kish his father. So they performed all that the king commanded. And after that God heeded the prayer for the land.
Gibeon was the hometown of Saul’s forefathers (1 Chronicles 8:29-30, 9:35-39). It was also the place where 12 of Ish-bosheth’s men (Saul’s son) engaged in a contest with 12 of David’s men, which turned into a bloody battle (2 Samuel 2:12-17). It was also the place where the “great stone was located, where Joab met Amasa and killed him.  Saul’s actions were a violation of Israel’s covenant with the Gibeonites, made nearly 400 years earlier–a covenant foolishly entered into by the then leaders of Israel (Joshua 9).   Now the Israelites are obligated to keep this covenant… but God brings a famine upon the land of Israel, prompting David to inquire into this matter and then make it right.  David inquired of the Lord concerning the reason for this famine. God’s answer was clear:

“It is for Saul, and for his bloody house, because he slew the Gibeonites” (2 Samuel 21:1b, KJV).

Atonement must be made for Saul’s sin of seeking to annihilate the Gibeonites, with whom the Israelites had entered into a covenant of protection. Seven of Saul’s sons” were executed by the Gibeonites and thus the famine was removed in answer to the prayers of God’s people.  Because of the sin of Saul, the Gibeonites had been wronged.  David called the Gibeonites and asked what he should do to make this matter right.   “Nor is it for us to put any man to death in Israel” (verse 4).

The story of Saul, David, and the Gibeonites teaches that sin must be atoned for by the shedding of blood, and that there will one day be a payday for sin. How gracious God was to bless these people (Gentiles), and through them to bring blessing back to Israel.

 .PSALM 65      His Salvation and Providence  Pointing to the Messiah

1 Praise is awaiting You, O God, in Zion;
     And to You the vow shall be performed.
2     O You who hear prayer, to You all flesh will come.
3     Iniquities prevail against me. 
     As for our transgressions, You will provide atonement for them.
4    Blessed is the man You choose, and cause to approach You,
     That he may dwell in Your courts. We shall be satisfied with
     the goodness of Your house, of Your holy temple.
5     By awesome deeds in righteousness You will answer us,  O God of our salvation, 
     You who are the confidence of all the ends of the earth, and of the far-off seas;
6     Who established the mountains by His strength, being clothed with power;
7     You who still the noise of the seas, the noise of their waves,
       and the tumult of the peoples.
8     They also who dwell in the farthest parts are afraid of Your signs–
     You make the outgoings of the morning and evening rejoice.
9     You visit the earth and water it, You greatly enrich it–
      The river of God is full of water; You provide their grain, For so You have prepared it.
10   You water its ridges abundantly, You settle its furrows, You make it soft with showers,
      You bless its growth.
11     You crown the year with Your goodness, and Your paths drip with abundance.
12     They drop on the pastures of the wilderness, and the little hills rejoice on every side.
13     The pastures are clothed with flocks; the valleys also are covered with grain;
       They shout for joy, they also sing.

… Psalm 64: David’s Darkest Days

All of what has happened to David is like a horrible dream.  Give Satan one inch and he takes a mile.  It began with one bad choice…  problems upon problems will carry him through the rest of his days.
  • David has sinned by committing adultery with Bathsheba and by having her husband killed—by Joab.  David has repented, but it seems there are endless consequences he will have to face.
  •  There was the rape of his daughter Tamar by her half-brother, Amnon.
  • Then there was the murder of Amnon by his half-brother, Absalom. Absalom fled to Geshur, where he was given sanctuary by his grandfather, Talmai. Through the intervening of Joab, David was pressured into allowing Absalom to return to Jerusalem. In time, Absalom succeeded in undermining the reign of his father.

New Text  2 Samuel 18 – 20

  • David now has been forced to flee Jerusalem due to the revolution instigated back by Absalom. While he never actually took the throne from David, Absalom acted as king for a few days, until he was defeated in battle and his life was ended.  As Absalom hung from a tree with his hair entangled in its limbs, Joab stuck three spears into Absalom’s stomach and then his ten armor bearers killed him with their swords, then hid body under rocks.
  • God gave David’s army victory over the rebel forces… but by means of going against David’s command.   Absalom was murdered by Joab, who killed Absalom in spite of David’s specific orders not to harm him.
  •  David is invited to return to Jerusalem to resume his rule over the nation Israel. But on the way there is strife between the men of Judah (David’s tribe) and the men from the other tribes in Israel. Somewhere between the Jordan River and Jerusalem, a rebellion is instigated by Sheba, and the Israelite’ s again forsake David as their king.
  • David is about to return to Jerusalem, removes Joab as commander of his armed forces,and replaces him with Amasa.   But that too is short-lived.
  • David forms his army again to go after the troublemaker Sheba.  An incredible display of violence happens as  Joab (again) “underhandedly” runs his sword through Amasa, spilling his intestines on the path.  The army of David stops to look at the scene of this man wallowing in his own blood.
  • David’s enemy Sheba has been beheaded through the intervention of a wise woman fro inside the city.   Sheba is cornered and put to death by beheading.  They take his head  and toss it over the wall.  The city is delivered, and the division of Israel is reversed.
  •  Joab retrieves it and carry’s it back to David.  With Amasa gone, Joab is again commander of David’s army.
PSALM 64   Oppressed by the Wicked But Rejoicing in the Lord
1     Hear my voice, O God, in my meditation, preserve my life from fear of the enemy.
2     Hide me from the secret plots of the wicked,
     From the rebellion of the workers of iniquity–
3     Who sharpen their tongue like a sword,
      and bend their bows to shoot their arrows—bitter words.
4     That they may shoot in secret at the blameless,
     Suddenly they shoot at him and do not fear.
5     They encourage themselves in an evil matter, they talk of laying snares secretly.
     They say, “Who will see them?”
6     They devise iniquities:  “We have perfected a shrewd scheme.”
     Both the inward thought and the heart of man are deep.
7     But God shall shoot at them with an arrow, suddenly they shall be wounded.
8     So He will make them stumble over their own tongue, all who see them shall flee away.
9    All men shall fear, and shall declare the work of God;
      For they shall wisely consider His doing.
10   The righteous shall be glad in the Lord, and trust in Him.
     And all the upright in heart shall glory.

… Psalm 61: The Lord Intervenes

 This battle belongs to the Lord! …and He continues to be faithful to David.

PSALM 61    Assurance of God’s Eternal Protection

   A Psalm of David.

1     Hear my cry, O God!  Attend to my prayer.
2     From the end of the earth I will cry to You, when my heart is overwhelmed;
     Lead me to the rock that is higher than I.
3     For You have been a shelter for me, a strong tower from the enemy.
4     I will abide in Your tabernacle forever, I will trust in the shelter of Your wings.     
5     For You, O God, have heard my vows; You have given me the heritage
     of those who fear Your name.
6     You will prolong the king’s life, His years as many generations.
7     He shall abide before God forever. Oh, prepare mercy and truth, which may preserve him!
8     So I will sing praise to Your name forever, that I may daily perform my vows.
 ahithophel-and-hushai-gave-advices-to-absalom (2)This is the wonderful effect of Divine Providence.  Absalom’s mind is blinded and his heart is influenced to not rest in Ahithophel’s counsel.  Rather he desired the advice of Hushai’.    God can turn a man .himself and destroy him by him by his own mistakes and passions–Ahithophel’s former counsel was followed.  The advice that came after was not followed.  God intended to correct David, then the latter advice was meant not to destroy Absalom.  God can overpower any wisdom of man.  Whatever wisdom or help any man employs, the success is from God alone, who will not let his own people perish.
Passage:  2 Sam. 17:1–21   Ahithophel’s counsel overthrown

Ahithophel, Absalom’s advisor, pointed out that it was David who was the problem in Israel, and suggested gathering twelve thousand men to set out to kill David.  Then all of Israel would return to Jerusalem like a bride for Absalom. At first Absalom thought the idea was a good one.  Absalom then passed it by Hushai who said Ahithophel’s advice was not good.  He spoke of David’s wisdom, he is angry and dangerous, like a bear robbed of her cubs.  He was too wise to be caught with his soldiers, but would be well hidden.  Hushai advised Absalom to wait until all Israel was behind him and then for him to go into the battle.  Absalom accepted the advice of Hushai.

God was watching over David. “For the Lord had ordained to defeat the good counsel of Ahithophel, so that the Lord might bring evil upon Absalom.”  David’s underground worked to keep David informed (verses 15–20).   Hushai worked through Zadok and Abiathar, the priests. They sent messages by a maidservant to David. On one occasion they were almost caught, but were saved when a woman hid them in a well and covered it and spread grain over it to disguise their whereabouts.

verse 22-29  Ahithophel hangs himself,  Absalom pursues David  

 Ahithophel was greatly troubled that his counsel was not followed.  He then returned back to his own  city, put his household in order, and hanged himself, and died.  He knew Absalom’s cause would fail.  Absalom followed the advice of Ahithophel in taking possession of David’s concubines,  then Absalom went with his men and chased after his father.   The Lord had purposed to defeat the good advice of Ahithophel, to the intent that the Lord might bring disaster on Absalom.

…Psalm 3: David Escapes from Absalom

If a man does not turn back… If a man does not repent,  the LORD God, he will sharpen His sword. He bends his bow and makes it ready.  – Psalm 7:12
Absalom lacks any sense of debt or gratitude to his father.  There is absolutely no submission to his father as king. Absalom sees himself as “next in line” for the throne. He uses the position of power he has gained for himself to undermine his father’s authority and to disrupt his kingdom. Behind his father’s back he has spoken ill of him to make David as if unfit to be the king of Jerusalem.

The Lord Helps His Troubled People
A Psalm of David When He Fled from Absalom His Son.
1     Lord, how they have increased who trouble me!
      Many are they who rise up against me.
2     Many are they who say of me, “There is no help for him in God.”
3     But You, O Lord, are a shield for me, my glory and the One who lifts up my head.
4     I cried to the Lord with my voice, and He heard me from His holy hill.
5    I lay down and slept; I awoke, for the Lord sustained me.
6   I will not be afraid of ten thousands of people who have set themselves against me all around.
7     Arise, O Lord!  Save me, O my God!
     For You have struck all my enemies on the cheek, You have broken the teeth of the ungodly.
8    Salvation belongs to the Lord.
     Your blessing is upon Your people.      Selah

It is important to remember that God is not making David pay for past sin. Rather it is the choice Absolam has made to take advantage of his father in a low period of his life.  Nathan made it clear David would not undergo the penalty for his sin, because the” Lord had taken his sin away” (2 Samuel 12:13)  Those who suffer as a direct result of their sin…”All these curses will come on you, pursuing you and overtaking you until you are destroyed, because you didn’t observe what your God has said, not observing His commands that He gave you.” (see Deuteronomy 28:15).  The sin of Absolam will see this terrible overtaking in his own life.
.      As for David, sometimes the righteous suffer for the sake of being righteous (see 1 Peter 4). And also when the saints suffer because they are the “sons of God,” who are being prepared for glory (see Hebrews 12).  David’s suffering was not punishment for his sin, but divine discipline, which was designed to draw him closer to God.  David wanted to be restored to fellowship with Absalom, but he knew better than to ignore or disobey the law in order to facilitate such a reunion. David was tricked into allowing his son to return. David knew he could not be reconciled to Absalom until Absalom had repented.  If we are going to blame anyone for Absalom’s sin (other than Absalom) it would have to be on Joab because he sought to bring about reconciliation without repentance.
2 Samuel 15:13-37
13 Now a messenger came to David, saying, “The hearts of the men of Israel are with Absalom.”
14 So David said to all his servants who were with him at Jerusalem, “Arise, and let us flee, or we shall not escape from Absalom. Make haste to depart, lest he overtake us suddenly and bring disaster upon us, and strike the city with the edge of the sword.”
15 And the king’s servants said to the king, “We are your servants, ready to do whatever my lord the king commands.” 16 Then the king went out with all his household after him. But the king left ten women, concubines, to keep the house. 17 And the king went out with all the people after him, and stopped at the outskirts. 18 Then all his servants passed before him; and all the Cherethites, all the Pelethites, and all the Gittites, six hundred men who had followed him from Gath, passed before the king.
19 Then the king said to Ittai the Gittite, “Why are you also going with us? Return and remain with the king. For you are a foreigner and also an exile from your own place. 20 In fact, you came only yesterday. Should I make you wander up and down with us today, since I go I know not where? Return, and take your brethren back. Mercy and truth be with you.”
21 But Ittai answered the king and said, As the Lord lives, and as my lord the king lives, surely in whatever place my lord the king shall be, whether in death or life, even there also your servant will be.”
22 So David said to Ittai, “Go, and cross over.” Then Ittai the Gittite and all his men and all the little ones who were with him crossed over. 23 And all the country wept with a loud voice, and all the people crossed over. The king himself also crossed over the Brook Kidron, and all the people crossed over toward the way of the wilderness.
24 There was Zadok also, and all the Levites with him, bearing the ark of the covenant of God. And they set down the ark of God, and Abiathar went up until all the people had finished crossing over from the city. 25 Then the king said to Zadok, “Carry the ark of God back into the city. If I find favor in the eyes of the Lord, He will bring me back and show me both it and His dwelling place. 26 But if He says thus: ‘I have no delight in you,’ here I am, let Him do to me as seems good to Him.” 27 The king also said to Zadok the priest, “Are you not a seer? Return to the city in peace, and your two sons with you, Ahimaaz your son, and Jonathan the son of Abiathar. 28 See, I will wait in the plains of the wilderness until word comes from you to inform me.” 29 Therefore Zadok and Abiathar carried the ark of God back to Jerusalem. And they remained there.
30 So David went up by the Ascent of the Mount of Olives, and wept as he went up; and he had his head covered and went barefoot. And all the people who were with him covered their heads and went up, weeping as they went up. 31 Then someone told David, saying, “Ahithophel is among the conspirators with Absalom.” And David said, “O Lord, I pray, turn the counsel of Ahithophel into foolishness!”
32 Now it happened when David had come to the top of the mountain, where he worshiped God—there was Hushai the Archite coming to meet him with his robe torn and dust on his head. 33 David said to him, “If you go on with me, then you will become a burden to me. 34 But if you return to the city, and say to Absalom, ‘I will be your servant, O king; as I was your father’s servant previously, so I will now also be your servant,’ then you may defeat the counsel of Ahithophel for me. 35 And do you not have Zadok and Abiathar the priests with you there? Therefore it will be that whatever you hear from the king’s house, you shall tell to Zadok and Abiathar the priests. 36 Indeed they have there with them their two sons, Ahimaaz, Zadok’s son, and Jonathan, Abiathar’s son; and by them you shall send me everything you hear.”
37 So Hushai, David’s friend, went into the city.  And Absalom came back into Jerusalem.